1. in turn
The conventional theory is that people yawn when bored or sleepy because yawning raises blood oxygen levels, which in turn raises alertness.
2. account for
大家背四级单词时更多的理解为 “（比例上）占…”的含义，实际上account for还有“解释，说明……”这个意思。
Heavy rain accounts for most of the water that enters into lakes.
Scientists will not be able to account for climate changeover the past century until they learn more about the urban heat island.
Ordinary meteoric water is water that has soaked into the ground from the surface, from precipitation （rain and snow） and from lakes and streams.
They had experienced great difficulty finding game west of the Rockies and not until the second of December did they kill their first elk.
Mineral deficiencies in many plants can be cured by misting their roots with a nutrient solution or by transferring the plants to a soilless nutrientsolution.
The same thing happens to this day, though on a smaller scale, wherever a sediment-laden river or stream emerges from a mountain valley onto relatively flat land, dropping its load as the current slows: the water usually spreads out fanwise, depositing the sediment in the form of a smooth, fan-shaped slope.
Where the forest inhibits the growth of grass and other meadow plants, the black-tailed deer browses on huckleberry, salal, dogwood, and almost any other shrub or herb. But this is fair-weather feeding.
In view of these facts, scientists hypothesized that a single large asteroid, about 10 to 15 kilometers across, collided with Earth, and the resulting fallout created the boundary clay. Their calculations show that the impact kicked up a dust cloud that cut off sunlight for several months, inhibiting photosynthesis in plants; decreased surface temperatures on continents to below freezing…
It had over 2,000 apartment complexes, a great market, a large number of industrial workshops, an administrative center, a number of massive religious edifices…
The release of heat energy is retarded by the tall vertical city walls that do not allow infrared radiation to escape as readily asdoes the relatively level surface of the surrounding countryside.
Wind velocity also increases with altitude and may cause serious stress for trees, as is made evident by the deformed shapes at high altitudes.
Eventually, six round forms of handwriting, composed of three pairs of big and little scripts known collectively as the Six Pens, became the standard repertory of every calligrapher.
Petroleum forms best when organic matter is evenly distributed over …
sweet water 淡水 （不是“糖水”）
confidence man 骗子（不是“信得过的人”）
criminal lawyer 刑事律师（不是“犯罪的律师”）
service station 加油站
rest room 厕所（不是“休息室”）
sporting house 妓院或赌场（不是“体育室”）
horse sense 常识（不是“马的感觉”）
capital idea 好主意（不是“资本主义思想”）
familiar talk 庸俗的交谈（不是“熟悉的谈话”）
black tea 红茶（不是“黑茶”）
black art 妖术（不是“黑色艺术”）